Comoto uses the CEFR standard for language proficiency (UK tekst)

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages – language proficiency

In 1991 the Swiss Federal Authorities held an Intergovernmental Symposium in Rüschlikon, Switzerland, on “Transparency and Coherence in Language Learning in Europe: Objectives, Evaluation, Certification”. This symposium found that a Common European Framework for languages was needed to improve the recognition of language qualifications and language proficiency to help teachers co-operate, eventually leading to improved communication and cooperation generally in Europe.

Development of language proficiency

As a result of the symposium, the Swiss National Science Foundation set up a project to develop levels of proficiency, to lead on to the creation of a “European Language Portfolio” – certification in language ability which can be used across Europe.


The Common European Framework divides learners into three broad divisions which can be divided into six levels:

A Basic Speaker

A1 Breakthrough or beginner

A2 Waystage or elementary

B Independent Speaker

B1 Threshold or pre-intermediate
B2 Vantage or intermediate

C Proficient Speaker

C1 Effective Operational Proficiency or upper intermediate
C2 Mastery or advanced

The CEFR describes what a learner is supposed to be able to do in reading, listening, speaking and writing at each level.

Level Description
A1 Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.
A2 Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.
B1 Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.
B2 Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.
C1 Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.
C2 Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in the most complex situations.

Resume Tips – Not too Long, but neither too short – CV length (UK tekst)

Not too Long, but neither too short – CV length

How long should a perfect Resume be? This is always a tough question. Different experts give you different answers regarding CV length, and it also depends on the job you are applying for, and the expertise the employer is asking for. Some experts would say a one pager is the perfect length. Unless you have few skills and experiences to share and are new to the job market other experts say this is too small for a Resume.

A rule of thumb would be to have just enough information in there to give the employer enough information to want you to come to the job interview, and then you can give more information or just more detailed information. Read the job ad and all the skills or experience they ask for should be in your Resume if you have these skills/experiences. Be honest and don’t oversell yourself.

If you are for instance in the medical or science area a Resume can be very long. Resumes of 40-50 pages have been seen, with all relevant information about the skills, experiences and project you have made. Try to summarize, but include the most obvious things. It is better to write a smaller Resume and tell more at the job interview than to make the employer/recruiter fall asleep reading your Resume.

When using Comoto, it is easy for you have multiple Resumes of different length, just include everything you know and use only the specific things when you create the Resume for the job of your dreams.

CV Tips – Spell Check (UK tekst)

Spell Check

One thing you should do before you send your CV/Resume, is to make sure you give it a spell check. You can use build in version in your word processing software.

After you have done this spell check it, have someone else read the CV. Just to make certain that you haven’t given wrong information or to ensure that the text is readable and easy to understand. A spell checker can easily give you a wrong “security” in the sense that it doesn’t check for wrong words used in a sentence. It is also important that you get a second opinion on your wordings and the way you write things.

Leave your CV/Resume alone, and read it again after a while to be sure nothing slipped your eyes. As your CV could be responsible of you getting the job of your dreams it is better to be safe than sorry.

In our application at Comoto we are constantly working to improve the services, and one project in our pipeline is to include a build in spell checker in Comoto, we will give you information when this has been finalized.

The Comoto Team

Comoto‘s aim is to become “The Central Place” where you can create, clone, copy, manage, backup and distribute your CV or Resume and Cover letters fast and easy. To create your first Comoto CV / Resume, signup for free and just add your data (or use one of the many easy import features), pick one of our special designed templates, preview your Resume and finally export to your favourite format (.DOC – .PDF – .PNG) or publish it in a Web Profile (Public/Private). Now you are ready to have full control of your CV or Resume. Notice other unique features – like multiple resumes – a few clicks and you can create a Resume targeted for a specific job or Export to many different formats.

3 different types of career changes and how to do it ! (UK tekst)

3 different types of career changes

Why would you have to change your current job?

There are 3 main reasons normally used for changing you career.

  1. Involuntary career change
  2. Normal career change
  3. Major career change

Involuntary career change

As it says – “Involuntary” – it is out of your hands, you might be the one making the decision to make the career change, but it is what you could call a “force majeure” or a “greater force” decision. Below you can see examples of this:

  • Your new job was not as agreed in the contract
  • Redundancy caused by merger, acquisition, takeover
  • Redundancy caused by outsourcing to more competitive countries/companies
  • Redundancy caused by loss of market share or position
  • Conflict with new management after a merger or takeover; there is simply not enough chemistry between the new parties who needs to work together

“Involuntary” career change demands the best of you and your network. Sometimes it is frustrating and you would say “Why me!”. But the only thing that works in that situation is to start to plan the changes ahead in a rationally way. Before the situation becomes unbearable for you start planning your next moves and try to focus on the future instead of the past. Use you past positively and make your CV the best CV around. Activate you network and have all your listening antennas up and ready to tune in to possible opportunities. If you manage to get through this hard period of your life, you will get some valuable experience of ”change management” that would be an asset to a new employer and you can certainly talk about having coped effectively with crisis!

Normal career change

The most common career change scenario you probably already have experienced is that you believe and wants to have a better job with more rewards within your line of work. You are unsatisfied with your current employer who has for instance in salary and bonus issues dragged his feet and maybe a new company offers you more for your line of expertise. The first thing you should do is to take control of your CV and make it updated and exactly right for your next job. Then start networking, scanning for possible jobs, begin approaching agencies and headhunters. What you need is an up-to-date CV and a perfect cover-letter that explains what you are trying to achieve, and why you think you are ready to do a career move. These should be prepared before you make actually contact with any new employer or headhunter. This also needs to be done for you to be sure why and what you want and not just take the first available position you find. Have a look in our other Comoto CV Tips to get some ideas on how to write the perfect CV and remember to target your CV to the actual job at hand.

Major career change

If you want make a complete change in your occupation – after having for instance finished a new education, returning after motherhood, returning from a period abroad, served in the military or you are just feed up with the sector you work in and want to make a major shift into something that you will find more interest in, this will demand all your senses and competences to do so, and especially in the case you need to do this in a rational and controlled manner. You will also need to do this as if it was an exercise or project. It is not something that cannot be done overnight or just by making a new CV and then go job hunting as you go away from safe haven and enter unchartered waters therefore proper planning is a must. You might have to do this over time and get your network working for you, but be aware not to disclose anything for people who might become a whistleblower and go behind your back. Because then a simple wish to try something new can lead to an “involuntary” career change.

Good luck in your career change

Resume Vocabulary (UK tekst)

Resume Vocabulary:

CV (Curriculum Vitae)

A summary of your work experience and education, used for job applications


American English term for a Resume (typical a two-pager – often smaller than a CV)

Cover Letter

The letter you send with your CV, with the reasons for you to apply for the vacant position with this particular company


A formal letter from an employer, describing your character, ability and experience


The named person who provide a reference for you


The whole of one’s education, training and experience


Able to use two languages with equal ease

Mother tongue

The language first learned by a person; native language

Native speaker

A person having a specified native language: a native speaker of English


An occupation or profession, esp. one requiring special training, followed as one’s lifework

Work Experience

Knowledge or practical wisdom gained from what one has observed, encountered, or undergone in the work life

Date of birth

The day on which one was born, usually as day/month/year


Training and instruction at school, university etc.


An activity outside work in which one is interested or concerned; hobby

Job objective

The kind of work or challenge that one is looking for


Various; mixed [e.g.: nationality, languages spoken, marital status]

Native language

The language one first learned to speak; mother tongue


The education and experience that make one suitable for a particular job


Ability, expertness or aptitude in a particular activity [e.g.: language skill]


The process of learning a particular SKILL [e.g.: sales training]


A post of employment: a position in a bank


An unoccupied position or office: a vacancy in the company


A person who seeks a job at a company: a candidate for the sales vacancy

Job interview

An interview to determine whether an applicant/candidate is suitable for a position of employment


A person who seeks a job at a company: an applicant for the vacant position


A document serving as evidence or as written testimony, as of status, qualifications, privileges, or the truth of something


A document given by an educational institution conferring a degree on a person or certifying that the person has satisfactorily completed a course of study

Curriculum Vitae

Is a latin expression which can be loosely translated as “course of life”
Background Check Is the process of looking up and compiling criminal records, commercial records and financial records (in certain instances such as employment screening) of a candidate before employing him/her

Comotos mål er at blive “det centrale sted” hvor du kan oprette, klone, kopi, administrere, sikkerhedskopiere og eksportere dit CV og dine følgebreve til ansøgningen hurtigt og nemt. Hvis du vil oprette dit første Comoto CV, anvend den gratis tilmelding, tilføj dine data (eller brug en af de mange lette import funktioner), vælg blandt vores særligt designede skabeloner, få en preview af dit CV og eksporterer til sidst den valgte skabelon i dit foretrukne format (.DOC –.PDF –.PNG) eller skab en Web-profil (offentlig tilgængelig / privat med password). Hermed har du fuld kontrol over dine CVer. Der er desuden en række andre unikke funktioner på Comoto – så som mulighed for flere CV’er – kun få klik, og du har oprettet et målrettet CV for et bestemt job.

Comoto CV Manager er på engelsk; men skabeloner og dermed dine CVer (samt filer) er på dansk (eller de ønskede sprog- Du kan nemlig anvende flere sprog samtidigt).

Can your CV stand the LinkedIn Buzzword test (UK tekst)

Overused buzzword – can your CV stand the LinkedIn buzzword test

Buzzwords has been around for ages, remember the buzzword bingo game, LinkedIn has examined 85 million profiles for the most clichéd and overused phrases and has come up with the “2010 LinkedIn Top 10 overused buzzwords” in LinkedIn Profiles in the USA.

1.  Extensive experience
2.  Innovative
3.  Motivated
4.  Results-oriented
5.  Dynamic
6.  Proven track record
7.  Team player
8.  Fast-paced
9.  Problem solver
10. Entrepreneurial

Can your CV stand the test of these overused words ?

Or if you don’t live in the USA:

* Dynamic – Brazil, India, Spain
* Motivated – UK
* Innovative – France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands

Remember that Comoto can help you create a fast CV from your LinkedIn profile – and help you maintaining multiple CV’s. With our unique inheritance feature in Comoto you only need to change the wordings in one place if you have the same wording/phrases in multiple CV’s.

This makes it easier for you to avoid being ruled out in the “buzzword bingo game” by using a full CV and not just your profile in a relationship database.

Read more

CEFR compared to North American language proficiency standards (UK tekst)

CEFR compared to North American language proficiency standards

Comoto uses the European CEFR standard in language proficiency. Having more and more users from North America we are looking at the possibility to have more than CEFR as the language proficiency scale in our Resume application. Until we have finished that project we have found the table below to clarify for the users the major differences in the different proficiency standards out there.

The following table establishes equivalences between the CEFR and some North American standards. The standards compared are:

  1. The CEFR itself
  2. Interagency Language Roundtable Scale (ILR, United States)
  3. American Council for the Teaching of Foreign Languages Proficiency Guidelines (ACTFL)
  4. New Brunswick Oral Proficiency Scale (NB OPS, English and French only)
  5. Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB, English and French only)
  6. Public Service Commission of Canada Second Official Language Proficiency Levels (PSC, English and French only)
A1 0/0+/1 Novice (Low/Mid/High) Unrated/0+/1 1/2 A
A2 1+ Intermediate (Low/Mid/High) 1+/2 3/4 B
B1 2 Advanced Low 2+ 5/6 C
B2 2+ Advanced Mid 3 7/8
C1 3/3+ Advanced High 3+ 9/10
C2 4 Superior 4 11/12

The Comoto Team

Comoto‘s aim is to become “The Central Place” where you can create, clone, copy, manage, backup and distribute your CV and Cover letters fast and easy. To create your first Comoto CV, signup for free and just add your data (or use one of the many easy import features), pick one of our special designed templates, preview your CV and finally export to your favourite format (.DOC – .PDF – .PNG) or publish it in a Web Profile (Public/Private). Now you are ready to have full control of your CV. Notice other unique features – like multiple CV’s – a few clicks and you can create a CV targeted for a specific job or Export to many different formats.

Do you need a fast CV or the right CV? (UK tekst)

Do you need a fast CV or the right CV?

Need a fast CV now or a well considered and specific targeted for that one particular job you want! – by the way this is what we call a Comoto CV clone.

Seeking a new job is not just about sending the usual and standard CV you made ages ago – most of the time it requires an evaluation and maybe a Curriculum Vitae created/build especially for that particular job opening.

Sometimes you just need a fast CV, here and now because you have been contacted by a recruiter or found a job opening through your network – with Comoto it is a matter of seconds to send one of your CV’s (and if you don’t have one yet you can import it from LinkedIn or Europass in less than 32 seconds our latest tests shows).

But as mentioned most of the time you have enough time to consider and prepare the optimal strategy for the application and accompanying CV – what is important for you in the job, why are you the perfect candidate, which are the skills needed, which are the skills to emphasise – are some of the questions to ask yourself. Use an existing Comoto CV to create a clone (our word for a copy as you copy sorry clone everything – not just the text but also the structure, etc.) change and add to ensure all the considerations you have made in advance are covered – save and test several templates – which designs fits you and the situations best (if none send us your ideas) – before you pick the optimal one.

The 10 best tips for the job interview (UK)

10 Tips for you, so that you can prepare your answers beforehand and get the job of your dreams. There is more than just sending the perfect CV or Resume and a good application. You have to prepare before you are ready for the Job Interview.

  1. Good style
    Get there on time, dress appropriately and behave as the guest you are.
  2. Think about your body language
    Think about the body language, straighten your back, give a firm handshake and look the interviewer in the eyes.
  3. Be prepared
    Remember to bring the job ad, your application, your CV and other relevant documents. Note the name of the contact person and a telephone number to be able to ask for the right person at the reception and know who you are visiting. If possible find relevant information about the person you are about to meet.
  4. Remember the gaps in your CV or Competence
    If you have some gaps in your CV or in your competences, remember that the recruiter / headhunter will ask for these gaps. Be prepared and have an answer ready for the question you probably will be asked.
  5. Know the company
    Do some research on the company, know more than just what’s in the job ad. Prepare some question so that they can see that you know more then what has been disclosed to you.
  6. Prepare for your answers  for the normal interview questions
    The question you will get to the job interview is of course depending on the job’s sector and type, responsibilities and tasks, but be sure to be prepared for the basic question, like:

    • Tell us about yourself?
    • Why are you applying for this job?
    • Which expectations do you have to the job or the tasks?
    • What are your strongest areas? – for instance have some concrete examples on your successes or your strongest competences.
    • What are your weak areas? – have some examples ready on what you think is hard, and how you cope with these challenges.
    • What do you expect from an employer / manager?
    • Why should we choose you for the job?
    • What are your career goals on medium to long term?
    • What are your expectations to your salary?
    • Do you have any further questions?
  7. Prepare your questions
    • Focus your question and on what is asked from you.
    • What are the most important tasks in the job?
    • Which possibilities are there for further development of your competences?
    • How is the culture in the company?
    • What do they appreciate in an employee?
    • Why should I choose this job?
    • Why would you like to work here?
    • Who will be my manager and which colleagues will I have the closet working relations with?
    • Do you have an introductory course for new employees?
  8. Avoid negative stories
    Negativity don’t sell, remember not to talk negative about former managers or colleagues. If you have had some bad experiences, try to turn it into something positive. What did you learn from this negative experience?
  9. Be present and participate on equal terms with the interviewer
    Be present, listen to the question and be honest and give them your best answer, show them that your dedicated. Newer tell a lie, it will get back to you like a boomerang.
  10. If possible offer the references
    If you decide to disclose your references, remember to have them prepared before the interview.

Final question
At the end of the interview you can always ask for what is the process going forward, will I have to take a test of some kind? When can I expect to be contacted again?

Common writing errors: Two / Too / To (UK tekst)

Common writing errors: Two / Too / To

Sometimes mistaken and sometimes just misinterpreted.
  • Two is the number that most people get right
  • Too means also or overly.
    You like the barbecue sauce, and I do too.
    I ate too many burgers.
    These trousers are too big.
    (Well, maybe not, after all those French fries.)
  • To means well everything else, according to Webster’s dictionary, to has over 20 usages. To give some ideas please see below:
    1. (used for expressing motion or direction toward a point, person, place, or thing approached and reached, as opposed to from ): They came to the house.
    2. (used for expressing direction or motion or direction toward something) in the direction of; toward: from north to south.
    3. (used for expressing limit of movement or extension): He grew to six feet.
    4. (used for expressing contact or contiguity) on; against; beside; upon: a right uppercut to the jaw; Apply varnish to the surface.
    5. (used for expressing a point of limit in time) before; until: to this day; It is ten minutes to six. We work from nine to five.
It’s also part of the famous line: To be, or not to be.
Which two/too/to is the correct one in any given situation? Well I could say “that is the question!”

The above is part of the Tips and Tricks section for CV writing on Comoto.

Common writing errors: AM / PM (UK tekst)

Common writing errors: AM / PM

Usage of AM/PM notation has largely been replaced by the 24-hour notation around the world, but especially in written communication, the 12-hour notation with AM and PM suffixes is common in some parts of the world – be aware to avoid writing errors.

In latin AM stands “Ante Meridiem” which means “before noon or midday” and PM means “Post Meridiem” or “after noon”.

You should although avoid the expression “12:00 PM” not only  because it is incorrect, but because many people will imagine you are talking about midnight. The same goes for “12:00 AM” instead you should – to avoid confusion – correctly say 12 noon or 12 midnight to make a corrdct designation.

In the US, in formal writing it is still preferable to capitalize AM or PM, though the lower-case “am” and “pm” are now so popular they are not likely to get you into trouble. The lower-case forms are standard usage in the UK.

The above is part of the Tips and Tricks section for CV writing on Comoto.

The Comoto Team

Comoto‘s aim is to become “The Central Place” where you can create, clone, copy, manage, backup and distribute your CV and Cover letters fast and easy. To create your first Comoto CV, signup for free and just add your data (or use one of the many easy import features), pick one of our special designed templates, preview your CV and finally export to your favourite format (.DOC – .PDF – .PNG) or publish it in a Web Profile (Public/Private). Now you are ready to have full control of your CV. Notice other unique features – like multiple CV’s – a few clicks and you can create a CV targeted for a specific job.

How to Use: Export EURES CV in the Europass format for import in Comoto (UK tekst)

How to Use: Export EURES CV in Europass format for import in Comoto

It is fairly easy to export EURES CV into the Europass format, and then import this into Comoto and thus create/build your CV in less than a minute.

Export EURES CVs

Export EURES CVs

Please go to the EURES Login Webpage here. Enter your username and password to proceed to MY EURES. After the login you will see a menu on the left-hand side like the picture to the left. Please press the + sign at “My CV” and you will open another menu with some new items in it. In this menu under “Manage my CV”  please select “Download as Europass CV”. After you have done this a new page comes up looking like the one below.

Here you simply choose the language you want to export – if have more than one – and please choose the CV Format as Europass XML. By pressing  “Download” you should be able to save it on your computer, this file you will later use to upload to Comoto to create your new Comoto account. Export EURES CVsFor importing this Europass CV into Comoto please see the How To here.

Comoto‘s aim is to become “The Central Place” where you can create, clone, copy, manage, backup and distribute your CV and Cover letters fast and easy. To create your first Comoto CV, signup for free and just add your data (or use one of the many easy import features), pick one of our special designed templates, preview your CV and finally export to your favourite format (.DOC – .PDF – .PNG) or publish it in a Web Profile (Public/Private).